A Division of Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Heinemann

Comprehension Intervention

Small-Group Lessons for The Comprehension Toolkit

Anne Goudvis, Stephanie Harvey, Judy Wallis

SeriesThis product is part of the series: The Comprehension Toolkit Series

ISBN 978-0-325-03148-4 / 0-325-03148-7 / 2010 / 272pp / Paperback
Imprint: FirstHand
Availability: In Stock
Grade Level: 3rd - 6th
*Price and availability subject to change without notice.

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“When it comes to learning reading comprehension strategies children differ. They learn in fits and starts. What works for one may not work for another. For some it’s a matter of time, for others a matter of interest. Some kids take these strategies and run with them after one whole-group Toolkit lesson. Others need additional time, guidance, and practice to internalize comprehension strategies and use them to make sense of what they read. The small-group lessons in Comprehension Intervention are specifically designed to support those kids.”
-- Stephanie Harvey, Anne Goudvis, and Judy Wallis

Enhance your Toolkit Instruction with Targeted, Small-Group Lessons

Created to follow each Toolkit lesson, the Comprehension Intervention small-group sessions narrow the instructional focus, concentrating on critical aspects of the Toolkit’s lesson strategy to reinforce kids’ understanding, step by step. Using the language of the Toolkits in a small-group setting, Comprehension Intervention approaches each Toolkit strategy lesson in a new way and with new texts, showing kids that they can apply the thinking and strategy language they learned within the whole group to a wide variety of readings.

Framed around the gradual release of responsibility, the four-step session structure provides explicit scaffolded instruction. With an eye towards formative assessment, each session ends with Assess and Plan, a section that supports daily progress monitoring with strategy-specific suggestions for reviewing student work, assessing students’ thinking and accomplishment of session goals, and determining the need for additional practice.

Comprehension Intervention lessons lend themselves to a variety of instructional settings:

Guided reading groups—Sessions are ideal for small, flexible, needs-based guided reading groups to reinforce or extend what has been taught in a Toolkit lesson.

Tier 2 RTI groups—Sessions are designed to take about thirty minutes. They break down the original Toolkit instruction into smaller steps, making learning more accessible for Tier 2 students.

Tier 3 RTI groups—Infinitely flexible and targeted, sessions help teachers increase instructional intensity for individuals or very small groups, allowing additional time for instruction and practice. 

Special EducationThe Toolkit whole-group lessons are ideal for special ed inclusion because they are based on shared readings, which allow for natural differentiation. All kids can participate in the whole group Toolkit lessons and then have their individual needs met in the small-group intervention lessons. 

Learn more about the Comprehension Toolkit series at ComprehensionToolkit.com

The Comprehension Toolkit series helps you teach nonfiction reading strategies in a variety of instructional settings.
Whole-Group Instruction
Grades K-2:
The Primary Comprehension Toolkit
Grades K-2: The Primary Comprehension Toolkit Bundle (includes Trade Book Pack)
Grades 3-6:
The Comprehension Toolkit
Grades 3-6: The Comprehension Toolkit Bundle (includes Trade Book Pack)
Small-Group Instruction
Grades K-2:
Small-Group Lessons for The Primary Comprehension Toolkit
Grades 3-6: Small-Group Lessons for The Comprehension Toolkit
Short Nonfiction for Guided Reading and Independent Practice
Grades PreK-1:
Toolkit Texts
Grades 2-3: Toolkit Texts
Grades 4-5: Toolkit Texts
Grades 6-7: Toolkit Texts
ELL Support
Grades K-2:
Scaffolding The Primary Comprehension Toolkit for English Language Learners
Grades 3-5: Scaffolding The Comprehension Toolkit for English Language Learners
Staff Development
Staff Development with The Comprehension Toolkits
Resources for PLCs
Comprehension and Collaboration Book Study Bundle
Inquiry Circles in Elementary Classrooms DVD
Inquiry Circles in Middle and High School Classrooms DVD

Save with Teacher Packs 
The Primary Comprehension Toolkit Teacher Pack
The Comprehension Toolkit Teacher Pack

The small-group sessions in Comprehension Intervention reinforce the original lesson in The Comprehension Toolkit. The following chart shows the lesson correlation and the page on which you will find the small-group session.


Monitor Comprehension

The Comprehension Toolkit

Comprehension Intervention

1  Follow Your Inner Conversation

1  Notice and Track Your Thinking

2  Notice When You Lose Your Way

2  Monitor and Repair Comprehension

3  Read, Write, and Talk

3a  Stop, Think, and React with a Reading Buddy

3b  Stop, Think, and React Independently


Infer Meaning Reading Conference


Activate and Connect

The Comprehension Toolkit

Comprehension Intervention

4  Follow the Text Signposts

4a  Explore Visual and Text Features

4b  Identify Purposes of Visual and Text Features

5  Merge Your Thinking with New Learning

5  Listen for Language that Signals New Learning

6  Connect the New to the Known

6a  Activate Background Knowledge

6b  Clear Up Misconceptions


Activate and Connect Reading Conference


Ask Questions

The Comprehension Toolkit

Comprehension Intervention

7  Question the Text

7a  Note Questions and Answers While Reading

7b  Identify Unanswered Questions

8  Read to Discover Answers

8a  Read with Your Questions in Mind

8b  Skim and Scan to Search for Answers

8c  Combine Knowledge and Text Information

9  Ask Questions to Expand Thinking

9a  Ask Questions to Understand Big Ideas

9b  Use Questions to Increase Learning


Ask Questions Reading Conference


Infer Meaning

The Comprehension Toolkit

Comprehension Intervention

10  Infer the Meaning of Unfamiliar Words

10a  Use Context to Infer Word Meanings

10b  Use New Vocabulary

11  Infer with Text Clues

11a  Gather Text Evidence

11b  Draw and Support Conclusions

12  Tackle the Meaning of Language

12  Infer the Meaning of Poems 

13  Crack Open Features

13  Infer the Meaning of Subheads

14  Read with a Question in Mind

14  Infer Answers to Authentic Questions

15  Wrap Your Mind Around the Big Ideas

15a  Infer Themes from Text Evidence

15b  Support Themes with Text Evidence


Infer Meaning Reading Conference


Determine Importance

The Comprehension Toolkit

Comprehension Intervention

16  Spotlight New Thinking

16a  Record Facts, Questions, and Responses

16b  Take Notes on an FQR Chart

17  Record Important Ideas

Lesson 17 does not have a corresponding small-group session.

18  Target Key Information

18a  Code a Text to Hold Your Thinking

18b  Paraphrase to Record Information

19  Determine What to Remember

19  Sort Important Information and Interesting Details

20  Distinguish Your Thinking from the Author’s

20a  Recognize the Author’s Perspective

20b  Summarize the Author’s Perspective

21  Construct Main Ideas from Supporting Details

21  Use a Topic/Detail/Response Chart


Determine Importance Reading Conference


Summarize and Synthesize

The Comprehension Toolkit

Comprehension Intervention

22  Read, Think, and React

22  Take Notes, Paraphrase, and Respond

23  Think Beyond the Text

23  Extend and Expand Your Thinking

24  Read to Get the Gist

24a  Pull Out the Big Ideas

24b  Pare Down and Synthesize Ideas

25  Reread and Rethink

25a  Distinguish Between Facts and Opinions

25b  Tie Your Opinions to Text Evidence

26  Read, Write, and Reflect

26a  Learn to Write a Summary

26b  Write Your Own Summary

26c  Learn to Write a Summary Response

26d  Write Your Own Summary Response


Summarize and Synthesize Reading Conference

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