A Division of Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Heinemann

Comprehension Intervention

Small-Group Lessons for The Primary Comprehension Toolkit

Anne Goudvis, Stephanie Harvey, Judy Wallis

SeriesThis product is part of the series: The Comprehension Toolkit Series

ISBN 978-0-325-02846-0 / 0-325-02846-X / 2010 / 224pp / Paperback
Imprint: FirstHand
Availability: In Stock
Grade Level: K - 2nd
*Price and availability subject to change without notice.

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List Price: $52.50
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“When it comes to learning reading comprehension strategies children differ. They learn in fits and starts. What works for one may not work for another. For some it’s a matter of time, for others a matter of interest. Some kids take these strategies and run with them after one whole-group Toolkit lesson. Others need additional time, guidance, and practice to internalize comprehension strategies and use them to make sense of what they read. The small-group lessons in Comprehension Intervention are specifically designed to support those kids.”
-- Stephanie Harvey, Anne Goudvis, and Judy Wallis

Enhance your Toolkit Instruction with Targeted, Small-Group Lessons

Created to follow each Toolkit lesson, the Comprehension Intervention small-group sessions narrow the instructional focus, concentrating on critical aspects of the Toolkit’s lesson strategy to reinforce kids’ understanding, step by step. Using the language of the Toolkits in a small-group setting, Comprehension Intervention approaches each Toolkit strategy lesson in a new way and with new texts, showing kids that they can apply the thinking and strategy language they learned within the whole group to a wide variety of readings.

Framed around the gradual release of responsibility, the four-step session structure provides explicit scaffolded instruction. With an eye towards formative assessment, each session ends with Assess and Plan, a section that supports daily progress monitoring with strategy-specific suggestions for reviewing student work, assessing students’ thinking and accomplishment of session goals, and determining the need for additional practice.

Comprehension Intervention lessons lend themselves to a variety of instructional settings:

Guided reading groups—Sessions are ideal for small, flexible, needs-based guided reading groups to reinforce or extend what has been taught in a Toolkit lesson.

Tier 2 RTI groups—Sessions are designed to take about thirty minutes. They break down the original Toolkit instruction into smaller steps, making learning more accessible for Tier 2 students.

Tier 3 RTI groups—Infinitely flexible and targeted, sessions help teachers increase instructional intensity for individuals or very small groups, allowing additional time for instruction and practice.

Special EducationThe Toolkit whole-group lessons are ideal for special ed inclusion because they are based on shared readings, which allow for natural differentiation. All kids can participate in the whole group Toolkit lessons and then have their individual needs met in the small-group intervention lessons. 

Learn more about the Comprehension Toolkit series at ComprehensionToolkit.com

The Comprehension Toolkit series helps you teach nonfiction reading strategies in a variety of instructional settings.
Whole-Group Instruction
Grades K-2:
The Primary Comprehension Toolkit
Grades K-2: The Primary Comprehension Toolkit Bundle (includes Trade Book Pack)
Grades 3-6:
The Comprehension Toolkit
Grades 3-6: The Comprehension Toolkit Bundle (includes Trade Book Pack)
Small-Group Instruction
Grades K-2:
Small-Group Lessons for The Primary Comprehension Toolkit
Grades 3-6: Small-Group Lessons for The Comprehension Toolkit
Short Nonfiction for Guided Reading and Independent Practice
Grades PreK-1:
Toolkit Texts
Grades 2-3: Toolkit Texts
Grades 4-5: Toolkit Texts
Grades 6-7: Toolkit Texts
ELL Support
Grades K-2:
Scaffolding The Primary Comprehension Toolkit for English Language Learners
Grades 3-5: Scaffolding The Comprehension Toolkit for English Language Learners
Staff Development
Staff Development with The Comprehension Toolkits
Resources for PLCs
Comprehension and Collaboration Book Study Bundle
Inquiry Circles in Elementary Classrooms DVD
Inquiry Circles in Middle and High School Classrooms DVD

Save with Teacher Packs 
The Primary Comprehension Toolkit Teacher Pack
The Comprehension Toolkit Teacher Pack

The small-group sessions in Comprehension Intervention reinforce the original lesson in The Primary Comprehension Toolkit. The following chart shows the lesson correlation and the page on which you will find the small-group session.


Monitor Comprehension

The Primary Comprehension Toolkit

Comprehension Intervention

1  Think about the Text

1 Leave Tracks of Your Thinking

2  Notice and Think about Nonfiction Features

2a Preview Features in a Text

2b Integrate Information from Features

3  Explore Nonfiction Features

3  Explore Visual and Text Features


Monitor Comprehension Reading Conference


Activate and Connect

The Primary Comprehension Toolkit

Comprehension Intervention

4  Discover Your Passion

4a  Learn What a “Specialist” Is

4b  Choose a Topic for a Teaching Book

5  Think about What You Know

5a Plan a Teaching Book

5b Write a Teaching Book

6  Make Connections

6a  Make Text-to-Self Connections

6b  Make Text-to-Text Connections

7  Merge Thinking with New Learning

7a Identify New Information

7b Integrate New Information


Activate and Connect Reading Conference


Ask Questions

The Primary Comprehension Toolkit

Comprehension Intervention

8  View and Read to Learn and Wonder

8a  Wonder About New Learning

8b  Use New Learning to Revise Thinking

9  Wonder about New Information

9  Ask Questions as You Read

10  Use Questions as Tools for Learning

10a  Record Questions and Answers

10b  Use Strategies to Find Answers

10c  Find Answers Beyond the Text

11  Read with a Question in Mind

11a  Use a Table of Contents to Find Answers

11b  Use Headings to Find Answers


Ask Questions Reading Conference


Infer and Visualize

The Primary Comprehension Toolkit

Comprehension Intervention

12  Infer Meaning

12a Infer with Background Knowledge and Text Clues

12b  Infer with Emotions and Senses

13  Learn to Visualize

13 Infer and Visualize with Poetry

14  Make Sense of New Information

14 Infer and Visualize with Nonfiction

15  Infer and Visualize with Narrative Nonfiction

15  Infer with Narrative Nonfiction


Infer and Visualize Reading Conference


Determine Importance

The Primary Comprehension Toolkit

Comprehension Intervention

16  Figure Out What’s Important

16a  Identify Important Ideas

16b  Delete Ideas That Aren’t Important

17  Paraphrase Information

17  Paraphrase and Respond to Information

18  Organize Your Thinking as You Read

18a  Sort Information, Questions, and Reactions

18b  Think Across Categories of Information


Determine Importance Reading Conference


Summarize and Synthesize

The Primary Comprehension Toolkit

Comprehension Intervention

19  Summarize Information

19a  Summarize During Reading

19b  Summarize After Reading

20  Read to Get the Big Ideas

20  Synthesize Big Ideas from Fiction

21  Explore and Investigate

22  Share Your Learning

There are no small-group sessions for Toolkit lessons 21 and 22, which revolve around independent investigations.


Summarize and Synthesize Reading Conference



Reading Conference Recording Forms

            Monitor Comprehension                         

            Activate and Connect                                        

            Ask Questions                                                  

            Infer Meaning                                                    

            Determine Importance                           

            Summarize and Synthesize

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