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The following is adapted from *Motivated: Designing Math Classrooms Where Students Want to Join In*, by Ilana Seidel Horn

In her new book, *Motivated*, author Ilana Seidel Horn outlines the features of a motivational classroom. Based on her research, Horn has found that a motivational classroom attends to the following five features:

- students’ sense of belongingness
- the meaningfulness of learning
- students’ competence
- structures for accountability
- students’ autonomy.

Teachers can foster all of these through deliberate instructional design as they tinker to motivate their students. Here's where to start: