Language is deeply involved in learning mathematics as students both communicate and think about their mathematical ideas. For all students—and English learners in particular—access means finding effective, authentic ways to make language clear and thinking visible so they can reason more, speak more, and write more in mathematics.

In today’s clip, Johannah Nikula, one of the authors of *Mathematical Thinking and Communication*, discusses the role of visual representations in supporting English learners, including how visual representations provide a support for developing language and the potential visual representations have to unearth student thinking for teachers to see.